Sobolieva Olena Volodymyrivna can be an ethnologist and a senior researcher at the study Institute of Ukrainian Studies associated with Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine. Her number of educational passions comprises culture that is traditional of Crimean Tatars, contemporary ethnocultural procedures into the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, everyday Islam, anthropology of technology and knowledge. She passed PhD defence in ’09. She actually is the writer of monograph “Wedding for the Crimean Tatars: old-fashioned kinds and Transformations” (2015). This woman is the mind of NGO “Center for Applied Anthropology” and a part associated with National Association of Ethnographers of Ukraine.
From ancient times: the traditions associated with the art that is ornamental of Crimean Tatars
Ornek is really a conventional decoration in the applied arts for the Crimean Tatars. This ornament embellished various items of every day life and worship: garments, fabrics, precious jewelry, furniture, architectural items and tombstones.
Something of workshop manufacturing ended up being strange within the Crimean Khanate. There have been workshops of artisans in just about every city that is big weavers, jewelers, embroiderers, furriers, tinsmiths and stuff like that. The Crimean nobility purchased products that are high-quality. Those items additionally discovered their purchasers far away. Along with handicraft that is professional, house crafts, such as for example embroidery and weaving, had been extensive.
Ornament in a variety of types of people art
The actual social history of Ukraine is “Tatar Ishleme”, the standard two-sided embroidery associated with Crimean Tatars, that has a lot more than 60 various stitches. a characteristic function of this “Tatar Ishleme” embroidery may be the utilization of pastel colors in conjunction with silver and gold threads. This decoration has obtained the shapes that are geometric weaving and carpet weaving. Usually, flax, cotton, wool and silk were utilized for weaving. The linen material, created by the Crimean Tatars, ended up being marked by softness and tenderness. In precious jewelry, the ornament that is traditional of unique beauty.
The absolute most technique that is widespread filigree, the creation of precious jewelry from slim silver wire.
The interlacing of oriental pattern: the primary motifs of Ornek decoration
The motifs that are ornamental depicted in a variety of handicraft products, had their stylistic features, which depended right on the means of execution and materials utilized. The main motifs associated with the pattern are split into two teams: floral and geometric. The ornament that is floral typical for embroidery, carving in rock and precious jewelry art. Geometric motifs prevail in weaving and carpeting weaving.
The old-fashioned decoration, as well as its creative and visual value, had an essential miracle and indication function. Unique information had been encoded such a decoration, which, with the aid of unique indications symbolizing content that is magical safeguarded against wicked forces.
Ornek decoration in old-fashioned life and rites
Products, adorned with old-fashioned decoration, embellished the inside associated with the homes. They were towels (“eu-jiyar”, “yagbez”, and “sofa-peshkir”), napkins (“yemeni”), handkerchiefs, and curtains, carved chests that are wooden”sandyk”) and copper utensils.
The inside regarding the space for the bride ended up being richly embellished. Prior to the wedding, your ex ended up being planning a dowry, including a huge selection of home things that your ex embroidered as well as her girlfriends. The room of the bride was festively decorated during the wedding. Lots of ropes had been fastened underneath the roof, diverging radially through the center. Most of the materials and clothing richly decorated with embroidered and woven decoration had been hung on these ropes and all over border associated with the wall surface,.
Things, embellished with conventional ornamentation, had been attributes that are important numerous rites. Fabrics and components of clothes had been universal gift ideas during all family members and rituals that are public. Throughout the circumcision (“sunnet”) and wedding (“toi”), the champions for the old-fashioned wrestling (“kuresh”) or horse racing (“koshu”) received embroidered vests, scarves and livestock. The bride had been get yourself ready for a bridegroom a collection of presents of nine items, founded because of the tradition: a tobacco pouch, garters for socks, a towel for a rite of shaving, an “ochkur” belt, etc.
The residing traditions: the modern state of this growth of ornamental art
The activities of deportation of 1944 caused the irreparable losings towards the decorative art associated with the Crimean Tatars once the everyone was place in the conditions of success. The revival of varied folk crafts ( precious jewelry, pottery, weaving and embroidery) started during the early 1990s . The courses on traditional embroidery started to operate, on which Zuleikha Bekirova, the inheritable craftsman, passed her knowledge in particular, in 1991 in Simferopil.
Today, such craftsmen as Elvira Osmanova, Julia Tulupova, Gulnara Negliadenko, Tamara Kliuchkina and Khatidzhe Iunusova as well as others operate in the means of the Crimean-Tartar embroidery “Tatars-Ishleme” and “Mklama”. The inheritable jeweler, began his work and taught over 20 students of his craft in the early 2000s, Aider Asanov. The musician and art critic Mamut Churlu made a superb share towards the growth of Ornek, the crimean-Tatar ornament that is traditional.
A few seminars and exhibitions arranged by him promoted the spreading of ornamentation of Ornek in the many diverse forms of folk crafts and its own creative interpretation. Ornek decoration is employed in ceramics (Rustem Skybin, Maryna Kurukchi, Mamut Churlu, Eldar Gusenov), carpeting weaving (Mamut Churlu, Iryna Teslenko), art panels (Gulnara Negliadenko, Mamut Churlu, Julia Tulupova) and painting on glass (Zera Abliazisova, Afize Iusuf-kyzy).
The peculiarities associated with the usage of decoration in modern art products would be the mix of various methods and practices without trouble of art. On 12, 2018, the Ornek ornament was included into the National List of Elements of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Ukraine february.
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- Akchurina-Muftieva N. used art associated with the Crimean Tatars associated with the fifteenth – the very first 1 / 2 of the twentieth century. Simferopol, 2008. 392 p.
- Chepurina P. Ia. Decorative sewing regarding the Crimea. M. – L., 1938. 64 ukrainian dating sites p.
Some pictures had been kindly supplied by NGO “Alyem”.
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